Necessary to the end of enhancing human flourishing, maintainsAristotle, is the maintenance of a suitable level of distributivejustice. Accordingly, he arrives at his classification of betterand worse governments partly by considerations of distributivejustice. He contends, in a manner directly analogous to hisattitude towards eudaimonia, that everyone will find it easyto agree to the proposition that we should prefer a just state to anunjust state, and even to the formal proposal that the distribution ofjustice requires treating equal claims similarly and unequal claimsdissimilarly. Still, here too people will differ about whatconstitutes an equal or an unequal claim or, more generally, an equalor an unequal person. A democrat will presume that all citizensare equal, whereas an aristocrat will maintain that the best citizensare, quite obviously, superior to the inferior. Accordingly, thedemocrat will expect the formal constraint of justice to yield equaldistribution to all, whereas the aristocrat will take for granted thatthe best citizens are entitled to more than the worst.


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