But the Rule of Law is not just about government. It requires alsothat citizens should respect and comply with legal norms, even whenthey disagree with them. When their interests conflict withothers’ they should accept legal determinations of what theirrights and duties are. Also, the law should be the same for everyone,so that no one is above the law, and everyone has access to thelaw’s protection. The requirement of access is particularlyimportant, in two senses. First, law should be epistemicallyaccessible: it should be a body of norms promulgated as publicknowledge so that people can study it, internalize it, figure out whatit requires of them, and use it as a framework for their plans andexpectations and for settling their disputes with others. Secondly,legal institutions and their procedures should be available toordinary people to uphold their rights, settle their disputes, andprotect them against abuses of public and private power. All of thisin turn requires the independence of the judiciary, the accountabilityof government officials, the transparency of public business, and theintegrity of legal procedures.


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