The rifles made before the Industrial Revolution were very expensive to produce at almost double the cost of a standard musket. They also posed new problems to a soldier that was not seen with muskets during the period. Rifles usually took twice as long to load as conventional muskets, because the ball had to be introduced in to the weapon through the muzzle and worked down the barrel against the resistance of the rifling. (Addington p.3) Because of the slow rate of fire the rifle offered, they were practically useless in close quarter fighting. Close quarter fighting was not appropriate for riflemen, because their rifles were often clogged by repeated firing. This was due to the inability of the rifle to discharge any remaining gunpowder left in the barrel after firing. (Black p.42)


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