ADVANTAGES

Locke's most obvious solution to this problem is his doctrine of tacitconsent. Simply by walking along the highways of a country a persongives tacit consent to the government and agrees to obey it whileliving in its territory. This, Locke thinks, explains why residentaliens have an obligation to obey the laws of the state where theyreside, though only while they live there. Inheriting property createsan even stronger bond, since the original owner of the propertypermanently put the property under the jurisdiction of thecommonwealth. Children, when they accept the property of theirparents, consent to the jurisdiction of the commonwealth over thatproperty (Two Treatises 2.120). There is debate over whetherthe inheritance of property should be regarded as tacit or expressconsent. On one interpretation, by accepting the property, Lockethinks a person becomes a full member of society, which implies thathe must regard this as an act of express consent. Grant suggests thatLocke's ideal would have been an explicit mechanism of societywhereupon adults would give express consent and this would be aprecondition of inheriting property. On the other interpretation,Locke recognized that people inheriting property did not in theprocess of doing so make any explicit declaration about theirpolitical obligation.

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