The Versailles Treaty that actually ended thewar (June 28, 1919) stripped Germany of the Saar Basin and the Danzigregion, reduced the German army to 100,000 men, forbid Germanfortifications on their border with France—and imposed on German anindemnity of more than $30 billion to pay for the war. But Wilsonhad got his League of Nations—sort of. And World War I was avictory overall for the good guys—sort of.

Unfortunately, American involvement in WWI had some worrisome indirecteffects on the country. Wilson had warned that if Americans wentto war they would “forget the very meaning of the word tolerance,” andintolerance did increase as a result of our involvement in WWI.

During the war, it seemed necessary to stir up anti-German sentiment toinduce men to volunteer or to accept the draft, and to induce Americansin general to make the sacrifices necessary for the war effort. The job of stirring up anti-German sentiment fell to George Creel andhis Committee of Public Information.

Creel’s group printed all sorts of anti-German posters. Onefeatured an ape-like German carrying of a helpless young lady. The caption? Destroy this made brute. Another showed aGerman dragging off a girl by the hair. The caption?


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