ADVANTAGES

The popularity of wayang show in Bali until 1970s was so big, almost every one in Bali loved to watch the show until finished from 11.00 pm until 04.00 the next day. Yet today only the jokers presented by the dalang through the figures of Semar and Gareng ( for Java ), and Merdah Twalen and Sangut - Melem ( for Bali ) that are still interesting for the common audiences. A good dalang of today will exploit the jokes aspect of the show, since the people do not too enthusiastic anymore in the repeated story of Ramayana and Maha Bharata. This is due to the various entertainment one can find very easily and cheap prices. Most of the writers put a question on " where is the origin of Wayang, and when it was started " Toward this questions many opinions have been proposed. One side traces the origin of wayang show from the shadow. This group by analyzing the word " wayang " which is convertible into " bayang " means shadow. Many Javanese words can be compared like this such as / wulan / into / bulan / means moon, / wakul / into / bakul /, /walang / into / balang / means grasshopper, and many other words. Dr. Hazeu on his dissertation to the team of University of Leiden wrote that based on the terminologies used on the show such as wayang, kelir ( screen ), blencong ( light ), keprak ( music instrument ), dalang ( single player ), kotak ( box ), the wayang puppet show originated from Java. This type of theatre can only be found in Java and Bali. There are carvings of wayang on the ancient walls of Candi Penataran in east Java carved in 1268 AD which is taken from Ramayana epic, yet it is only the theme and the style of the figure which show the slight similarity of the current leather made wayang in Java and Bali. According to Prof Brandes, Hindu people in India did not have a theatre like this. In Java the theatre continuous from Hindu period, Islam, and until today, just like it is in Bali the tradition continuous at least as the requirements of certain ritual.

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