In Feudalism, the Sovereign (crowned Head of State, whether King or Queen- or, for that matter, Grand Duke or Emperor- though I will use the term "King" as a generic term for the Sovereign, synonymous with "the Crown", throughout the foregoing discussion) had been seen as ruling his People by Divine Right, therefore the temporal representative of (the Christian and, in these pre-Reformation days, Catholic) God to his Nation and, as such, the earthly Fountainhead of Justice and, thus, ultimate Source of Law. All others governed under the jurisdiction of the King's sceptre- from highest Baron to lowest serf- were, however directly or indirectly, vassals to (that is, subjects of- precisely because they were ultimately subject to the will of) the King. Absolutism, meanwhile, was the modern era bastard child of Feudalism- the source of the 17th Century French King Louis XIV's (in?)famous dictum that ("I am the State") and, in both political systems, Despotism- control of virtually everything by a single ruler- was always potentially (where not actually) a principal element, with Tyranny- oppressive Despotism- ever a very real danger.


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