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Liturgy Q-and-A – ZENIT – English
One is that, while terms like "noumenon" (, singular) and "noumena" (, plural) are used by Kant in the , this terminology is really an artifact of Kant's , signifying something that has been rejected in the .
Real | Definition of Real by Merriam-Webster
K.S.L.I. EMBARK FOR KOREA
From Our Own Correspondent, Hongkong, May 8 - The King's
Shropshire Light Infantry embarked for Korea to-day on board the
US.& Montrose. Lieutenant-General Sir Robert Mansergh addressed
the troops and remarked they would be the only light infantry
battalion among the British contingent in Korea.
(0 The Times, 9th May 1951
HEROISM OF THE GLOUCESTERS
HIGHEST U.S. AWARD
In Korea, May 8 - The few survivors of the 1 st Battalion, The
Gloucestershire Regiment, and the 170th Independent Mortar Battery,
paraded today to receive from Lieutenant-General Van Fleet, the
Eighth Army commander, the blue ribbon of the Presidential Unit
Citation for heroism in action, the highest American decoration
awarded to units.
In the words of the official citation, the Gloucesters and mortar
personnel were honoured for their epic stand when the 29th Brigade
took the main shock of the Communist offensive from April 22 to 25.
Between 40 and 50 men of the battalion got back, leaving 600 killed
and missing on the field. If the King approves, every man serving
with these units will be able to wear the ribbon, and a blue streamer
will be added to the unit's battle honours.
Behind a dais facing the three-sided parade were the Union Jack, the
brigade colours, the flags of Belgium and Luxembourg, and the
colours of the Belgian battalion which is part of the 29th Brigade.
American Military Police held the Stars and Stripes and the standard
of Lieutenant-General Van Fleet. A guard of honour was mounted by
the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers. Pipers of the Royal Ulster Rifles
played as Brigadier Brodic, the brigade commander, reported to the
THE GENERAUS TRIBUTE
General Van Fleet said: "I have come to be in good company, and to
pay tribute to the wonderful British Commonwealth forces. 1 wanted
to get better acquainted with and pay tribute and give honour to
your gallant stand. 1 know 1 am in great company. 1 am proud and
honoured to be here." The General said they had stopped the
communist advance and he felt deeply the losses they had suffered.
They had acted in keeping with the finest traditions of the British
Lieutenant-Colonel Digby Grist, the Gloucesters'new commanding
officer, received the award for the battalion, and Major T. Fisher-Hoch
received it on behalf of the 170th Independent Mortar Battery.
The 29th Brigade commander also received a message from
Lieutenant-General Milbum, commander of the 1 Corps, in which he
said: "I want to commend you and your officers and men for gallantry
in action while defending the lmjin River line during the last days
of April against the assault of greatly superior forces. Subject to
exceedingly heavy pressure, you did not falter, and met his attacks
with fighting will and courage beyond his belief as is attested by the
hundreds of enemy dead in close proximity to your actions." The
Communists would remember the 29th Brigade as a formidable
opponent. "We are all proud of you. American G.I.s right across the
Korean front are giving unstinted praise to the 29th and 27th
The French battalion is the only other non-American unit in Korea
to have been awarded the Presidential citation. - (0 Reuters
The Times, 9th May 1951
THE INDOMITABLE GLOUCESTERS
Eighth Army Headquarters, Korea, May 11 Lieutenant-General
Van Fleet, the Eighth Army commander, having called for reports on
the part played by the officers and men of The Gloucestershire
Regiment and the 170th Independent Mortar Battery in the recent
Communist offensive, and having reviewed all the information, today
issued the following special communique.
The Ist Battalion and C Troop (of the Independent Mortar Battery)
were defending a very critical sector of the battlefield during a
determined attack by the enemy. The defending units were over-
whelmingly outnumbered. The 623rd Chinese Communist Army
drove the full force of its savage assault at the positions held by the
1 st Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment, and attached unit. The
route of supply ran south-east from the battalion between two hills.
The hills dominated the surrounding terrain northwest to the lmjin
river. Enemy pressure was built up on the battalion front during the
day, April 23.
On April 24 the weight of the attack had driven the right flank of
the battalion back. The pressure grew heavier and heavier, and the
battalion and attached unit were forced into a perimeter defence
on Hill 235. During the night heavy enemy forces had by-passed the
staunch defenders and closed all avenues of escape.
The courageous soldiers of the battalion and attached unit were
holding the critical route selected by the enemy for one column of the
general offensive designed to encircle and destroy the 1 Corps. These
gallant soldiers would not retreat. As they were compressed tighter
and tighter in their perimeter defence they called for close in air
strikes to assist in holding firm. Completely surrounded by tremen-
dous numbers, these indomitable resolute and tenacious soldiers
fought back with unsurpassed fortitude and courage.
As ammunition ran low and the advancing hordes moved closer and
closer, these splendid soldiers fought back viciously to prevent the
enemy from oven-unning the position and moving rapidly to the south.
The heroic stand provided the critically needed time to regroup other 1
Corps units and block the southern advance of the enemy. Time and
again efforts were made to reach the battalion, but the enemy strength
blocked each efrort. Without thought of defeat or surrender, this
heroic force demonstrated superb battlefield courage and discipline.
Every yard of ground they surrendered was covered with enemy dead,
until the last gallant soldier of the fighting battalion was overpowered
by the final surge of the enemy masses.
The 1 st Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment, and Troop C,
170th Independent Mortar Battery, displayed such gallantry, determi-
nation, and esprit de corps in accomplishing their mission under
extremely difficult and hazardous conditions as to set them apart and
above other units participating in the same battle. Their sustained
brilliance in battle, their resoluteness and extraordinary heroism are in
keeping with the finest traditions of the renowned military forces of
the British Commonwealth, and reflect unsurpassed credit on these
courageous soldiers and their homeland. - (0 Reuters
The Times, 12th May 1951
CASIJALTIES IN KOREA
The following casualties incurred in action in Korea have been
notified to the War Office:
ROYAL ARTILLERY - Other Ranks - WOUNDED -
Gunner A. Capstick.
THE ROYAL NORTHUMBERLAND FUSILIERS - Other Ranks -
KILLED - Lance Corporal H. Hamer.
WOUNDED - Sergeant F.P. Waters, Lance Corporal W. Bainbridge,
Lance Corporal J.T. Hayes, Fusilier B. Hirst, Fusilier J. Hamill.
- 63 -
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Their estimate of the enemy's strength varied from 400,000 to700,000, with
the largest battle-front concentration to the west of the centre.
In a field headquarters communiqué issued at 1 1 a.m. yesterday
(G.M.T.), the Eighth Army reported that United Nations forces were
retreating southwards in good order on the west and central fronts
under the attacks of elements of four Chinese armies.
STRETCHER BEARER AWARDED
Private Leslie Raymond Cobby, I st Battalion, The Middlesex
Regiment (D.C.O.) Has been given an immediate award of the
The citation states that during the night of February 14-15, 1951,
his company was in action in Korea, considerably outnumbered and
suffering casualties. Private Cobby, a stretcher bearer, moved from
trench to trench administering morphine, dressing wounds, and
collecting casualties together for evacuation. His courage and determi-
nation under fire set a fine example of devotion to duty.
CHINESE PENETRATE ALLIED LINE
The Communist attack in Korea is described by Lieutenant-General
Ridgway as the greatest they have yet launched, and he has given a
warning that its full strength has probably not yet been met. United
Nations forces have yielded ground all along the 1 00-mile front,
except at one point, but are expected soon to have an opportunity to
HEAVY ENEMY LOSSES
From Our Own Correspondent, New York, April 24 - Communist
troops, attacking in overwhelming numbers, yesterday drove a deep
wedge into the United Nations lines on the central Korean front,
overran Inje, at the eastern end of the line, and in the west drove
across the lmjin River. Officers who are in the front line described
the situation as serious, but commanders at headquarters remained
confident that the enemy tide could be stemmed.
Lieutenant-General Ridgway, visiting the front, said that the battle
might "well prove decisive." The offensive was the greatest the
enemy had yet launched, and he gave a warning that the Allies had
probably not yet met its full strength.
The enemy struck hardest in the Chorwon-Kumhwa-Hwachon
triangle. There, with a cavalry division mounted on Mongolian ponies
in the forefront, he drove into a demoralized retreat of South Korean
elements, exposing the flanks of other allied troops. Energetically
pursuing their advantage, the communists deepened and widened this
wedge south of the 38th parallel to the west of Chunchon, and near
Kapyong, 12 miles south of the parallel, Chinese cavalry and infantry
cut the paved road from Chunchon to Seoul, Whether they took @l
Kapyong is not yet known.
East of the break-through, around Hwachon Reservoir, United
Nations forces held their ground, but apparently it was only there,
along the 1 00-mile front that they made no withdrawals. Though
outflanked, they beat off repeated attacks at Hwachon, at the western
end of the reservoir. Eleven miles farther east they gave a little
ground, but continued to hold Yanggu, which, like Hwachon, is seven
miles north of the 38th parallel.
- 52 -